1967: Colombian Gabriel García Márquez publishes One Hundred Years of Solitude which becomes Latin America's most famous novel and a classic example of magical realism. Beginnings of agriculture, including maize production. Claves are thought to have first originated from the pegs used by Cuban shipwrights to assemble naval craft. 1979: Sandinistas take power in Nicaragua. By the time the war was over, hundreds of thousands had died and Paraguay was in ruins. Parts of this chronology are reprinted with permission from Dr. Richard W. Slatta's Ancient and 1950: Women gain the franchise in El Salvador. Lesson Plan pdf Student Activity Sheet pdf. With the promise of economic equality for all, the rebellion grew until 1959, when Cuban President Fulgencio Batista fled the country and victorious rebels filled the streets of Havana. By 1521, Cortes and his soldiers had conquered The CIA, which played an active part in Chilean politics in the 70s, sought Allende's overthrow before he took office in 1970, but the US disputes that it was involved in the military coup. years. The following timeline compiles numerous sources to lay out an incomplete history of U.S. military and economic intervention in El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala over the past century. Also see this comparative Ancient America Time Line. 1819: Colombian and Venezuelan independence. As a result of the war, Chile gained the disputed coastal province once and for all, leaving Bolivia landlocked, and also gained the province of Arica from Peru. Spanish rule in the Americas ended in 1898 when they lost their final colonies to the United States following the Spanish-American War. 2000 B.C. of Spain. The independence of Latin America It began with the proclamation of Sovereign ... Aug 10, 1809. 1824: Last patriot victories against the Spaniards: Bolívar at Junín in August and Sucre at Jan 6, 1325. By the time it ended, thousands were dead or missing and the trust of South Americans in their leaders was forever shattered. 1940: The First Inter-American Indigenist Congress held in Pátzcuaro, Mexico leads to the formation of the Instituto Indigenista Interamericana (III). 1968: Latin American bishops meeting in Medellín, Colombia, embrace liberation theology and announce a 'preferential option for the poor.'. 200 BCE - 600 CE: Nazca lines on the southern Peruvian coast. Grades 7–12. 10,000 BCE: A second migration crosses the Bering Strait and joins the first one. 1969 * Rich Slatta makes his first trip to Latin America, to Peace Corps training in Puerto Rico and service outside Panama City, Panama. 1876: Porfirio Díaz overthrows Lerdo de Tejada and becomes President in Mexico. efficient organizational and administrative structures. 1961-69: Kennedy's Alliance for Progress tries to bring reform and development to Latin America. Cold War History, and Nuclear History. 1864-70: Period of Mariano Melgarejo in Bolivia. (X8 Drums, 2014). Texas becomes part of the United States 1845. Papal Bull Inter Caetera/Treaty of Tordesillas, 1. 1791-1804: Slave revolt on French island of Saint-Dominigue (Haiti) leads to independence. 1961: Nicaraguan guerrillas organize the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN). Although new facts come out occasionally and some of the worst perpetrators have been brought to justice, there are still many questions about this sinister operation and those behind it. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ceded California, Nevada, Utah, and parts of Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Wyoming to the United States in exchange for $15 million and forgiveness of about $3 million more in debts. Papal Bull Inter Caetera and the Treaty of Tordesillas (1493–1494) Many people do not know that … Hispaniola announces freedon 1804. But the exception is too large to overlook - mighty Brazil , belonging in colonial history to Portugal. Claves are one of the key instruments used in Latin American dance music as well as its predecessor, Afro-Cuban music. 1780-81: Indian revolt led by Tupac Amaru II in Upper Peru. Latin America: c. 5000 BCE - 2010 - Oxford Reference Squash and chili are the first plants to be cultivated in America, in the Tehuácan valley in modern Mexico We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. When Fidel Castro, his brother Raúl and a ragged band of followers attacked the barracks at Moncada in 1953, they may not have known they were taking the first step to one of the most significant revolutions of all time. 1200-1532 CE: The Inka form the Tawantinsuyu empire in the Andes with sophisticated and very of National Liberation and commanded by a charismatic leader known as Subcomandante Marcos. 1492 Aug 3. The Peruvian and Bolivian nations were devastated, needing years to recover. elected socialist to take power in Latin America. South America’s history was put on a completely different trajectory with Christopher Columbus’ discovery of the Americas in the 1490s. Photos courtesy of the Library of Congress, National Archives, National Park Service, americasbesthistory.com and its licensors. Guerrillas organize the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN). 3500-1700 BCE:Early ceramics and fertility figurines appear at Valdivia on the Ecuadorian coast An underground railway opens in Buenos Aires, the first subway in Latin America Go to Buenos Aires in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World (1 ed.) Juan José Arévalo elected president. 1535-1550: Antonio de Mendoza is named the first viceroy of New Spain. 1965: US forces, fearing a Communist takeover, occupy Dominican Republic. technological advances. A revolution of impoverished peasants against an entrenched wealthy class, the Mexican Revolution shook the world and forever altered the trajectory of Mexican politics. Independence. 1928: José Carlos Mariátegui publishes Seven Interpretative Essays on Peruvian Reality. 1895: José Martí launches war for Cuban Independence and is killed. •Identify the major geo-cultural regions in Latin America (Mesoamerica, the Caribbean, the Southern Cone, the Andes, Amazonia), and its nations (the big three, mid-size countries, and • Define modernity broadly, and Latin America's experience of modernity specifically. 1946: Juan Domingo Perón elected president of Argentina. September 12, 1860. The Timeline of Latin American History This timeline is all about the history of Latin America and noteable things that have happened in there history. Mount Holyoke College. 1813: Morelos convokes the first Mexican Congress, which formally declares Mexican 1973: CIA-backed coup overthrows Allende in Chile; military government under General Augusto Pinochet kills thousands of opponents. 450-750 CE: Theocratic empire develops at Teotihuacán in Mexico with a large urban center and 1953: Women gain the franchise in Mexico. After a series of major battles at sea and on land, the Chileans were victorious. highlands. 1550: Debate between Las Casas and Sepúlveda at Valladolid in Spain. Cortes and his men went into the country until they reached the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan. 200 BCE - 600 CE: Pottery with realistic painting at Moche on the northern Peruvian coast. 1830: Gran Colombia splits into the separate countries of Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador. 1971: Chilean Pablo Neruda awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. Colonial Latin American and US-Latin American Relations courses. 1955: Women gain the franchise in Honduras, Nicaragua, and Peru. in the island's political affairs. Latin American Chronology Ancient America. Ruthless conquistadores under the command of Hernán Cortés in Mexico and Francisco Pizarro in Peru accomplished just that, paving the way for centuries of Spanish rule and enslavement and marginalization of New World natives. 1976: On March 24, generals Videla, Massera and Agosti form a military junta in Argentina. Only two things stood in their way: the mighty Empires of the Aztecs in Mexico and the Incas in Peru, who would have to be defeated in order to establish rule over the newly-discovered lands. Colonial America Timeline (1492-1763) . In the long and turbulent history of the region, there were wars, assassinations, conquests, rebellions, crackdowns and massacres. — 1888 Brazil abolishes slavery, the final Latin American nation to do so. 1942: Women gain the franchise in the Dominican Republic. 1494: Treaty of Tordesillas divides the New World between Spain and Portugal. 1345-1521 CE: The Mexicas (Aztecs) form a militaristic tribute empire in Mexico. Latin music is the result of a complex social and historical process that took place in the Americas after the arrival of Columbus. 1909-33: U.S. Marines occupy Nicaragua, Haiti, and Dominican Republic. Pope Alexander VI issued the bull Inter Caetera in 1493, declaring that Spain owned all new lands west of a line 100 leagues (about 300 miles) from the Cape Verde Islands. 30,000 BCE (Before the Common Era): Highly mobile hunting and gathering groups cross the 800-200 BCE: Developments in art, ceramics, weavings, and feline cult at Chavín in the Peruvian 1507 “America” is first used in a When Uruguay was attacked by Brazil and Argentina in late 1864, Paraguay came to its aid and attacked Brazil. Definition and List of Countries, How Latin America Gained Independence from Spain, Civil Wars and Revolutions in Latin American History, The 10 Most Influential Latin Americans in History, The Relationship of the United States with Mexico, Mestizaje in Latin America: Definition and History, Biography of Simon Bolivar, 'Liberator of South America', What Is Caudillismo? 1524: Council of the Indies established to help administer the new colonies. 1500: About 65 million Native Americans live in Central and Latin America, of which 25 million in Mexico. John Cabot on his first voyage searching for the Northwest Passage. 1793-1815: Napoleonic Wars disrupt political rule in Europe. The independence of Latin America was the historical process of the ... Quito was to be the first in the history of Spanish America to proclaim, on August 10, 1809, a government of its own, 600-800 CE: Rise of large urban cities & empires at Huari in Peruvian Highlands. Latin America is without a doubt a region with a troubled and complicated history, featuring momentous historical events that have influenced the rest of the world. 1974-1976: Isabel Martínez de Perón assumes presidency of Argentina. 1811: Hidalgo is defeated and executed. Cuban gains independence from Spain; United States takes 1934: U.S. abrogates the Platt Amendment of 1901 which governed Cuba. Print; Main. He dies in the September 1973 military coup. 1855-1876: Period of Benito Juárez in Mexico. Christopher Columbus sails on First Voyage. 1980: Archbishop Oscar Romero assassinated in El Salvador for his stance against military repression and human rights abuses. 1615: Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala finishes Nueva Corónica y buen gobierno to King Philip III It was a bloody war, which included horrific battles, massacres and assassinations. As a result of the revolution, land reform finally took place in Mexico, and the PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party), the political party that rose from the rebellion, stayed in power until the 1990s. 1964: Military coups end MNR rule in Bolivia and democractic rule in Brazil. 1610: First Jesuit missions among the Guaraní in Paraguay. The results have been felt ever since, as the canal has drastically changed worldwide shipping. and beginnings of agriculture and village life. In Uncategorized. José Martí Lived In New York City. Groups spread reelect himself seven times, and his dictatorship, the "Porfiriato" (1876-1911), will last thirty-four Independence. 300-900 CE: High developments in astrology, calendrics, math, writing among the Maya in 1855: U.S. filibuster William Walker and his mercenaries invade and occupy Nicaragua. José Maria Morelos y Pavón takes command of the History of Latin America, history of the region from the pre-Columbian period and including colonization by the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in the 15th century, the 19th-century wars of independence, and developments to the end of the 20th century. Pace of reforms accelerates, including expropriation of United Fruit Company banana lands. Hapsburgs. 1492: Christopher Columbus is lost at sea and is rescued by Arawak Indians in the Bahamas 1927: Augusto Cesár Sandino launches first Sandinista uprising in Nicaragua. 1479: Ferdinand II and Isabella I unite the crowns of Aragon and Castille in Spain. 200 BCE - 1000 CE (Common Era): Emergence of cities, social stratification, and the flowering 1980: Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) guerrilla warfare starts in Peru. The War of the Triple Alliance (1864–1870), 7. 1513: Vasco Nuñez de Balboa views the "South Sea" from Panama, the Pacific Ocean. 1513-21: Ponce de Leon explores Florida on two expeditions. Latin American History Timeline study guide by Uvare includes 15 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Allende won the presidency in 1970 and became Latin America's first democratically elected leftwing leader. The region consists, with just one exception, of those parts of the American continent colonized by the Spanish. 1986: Indigenous groups in Ecuador form CONAIE, a pan-Indian organization. A Reference Guide to Latin American History. ... Immigration Timeline, The Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation. 1822-1823: Iturbide is proclaimed emperor in Mexico. 1968: A large and important Student Movement ends with police and army massacring on students at the Plaza of Tlatelolco in Mexico City. 1570-71: The Inquisition is established in Lima and Mexico City. Peru, which had a military alliance with Bolivia, was drawn into the war as well. 1970-73 * US and multinational corporations work covertly to overthrew socialist government of Salvador Allende in Chile. 200 BCE - 600 CE: Weaving & mummy bundles at Paracas on the southern Peruvian coast. Latin America has been always shaped by events as much as by people and leaders. 1499: Colombo authorizes slavery in Santo Domingo. Bering Strait land bridge in pursuit of large game and enter North America. 1952: The National Revolutionary Movement (MNR) comes to power in Bolivia. 1953: Fidel Castro launches a failed uprising at the Moncada Barracks in Santiago, Cuba. 8000-2000 BCE: Disappearance of large game leads to switch to small game, gathering, fishing, 1551: The University of Mexico is founded. The term Latin America primarily refers to the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking countries in the New World. Olmecs in Mexico. — 1846–1848 Mexican-American war is fought, reducing Mexico’s territory to the region south of the Rio Grande. c. 12,000 B.C. 1823: United States issues the Monroe Doctrine which warning Europe against the recolonization 1000-1492 CE: Urban, stratified, militarized, imperialistic empires with no important The first Latin American state to become independent. After the New World was discovered, Spain soon realized that it was an incredibly valuable resource that should be pacified and colonized. 1983: Assassination of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop of Grenada. 1932-1935: Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay leads to costly defeat for Bolivia. 1996: Peace agreement in Guatemala, but human rights violations continue. 1879-84: War of the Pacific involves Chile, Peru, Bolivia. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. 1988: The PRI uses electoral fraud to prevent Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas of gaining the presidency in Mexico. 1511: Atuey leads Indigenous resistance to Spanish settlement of Cuba. This treaty essentially ceded Brazil to the Portuguese while keeping the rest of the New World for Spain, therefore laying the framework for the modern demographics of Latin America. Using the Napoleonic invasion of Spain as an excuse, most of Latin America declared independence from Spain in 1810. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Latín American Independence Timeline created by AguirreJ9B. 1868-78: Independence movements in Cuba and Puerto Rico lead to the Ten Years' War in Cuba. 1500: Pedro Álvares Cabral claims the Brazilian "hump" for Portugal. 1989: George Bush orders invasion of Panama to capture one-time dictator Manuel Noriega. wars, 1545: Silver discovered at Cerro Rico, Potosí (Bolivia). 1500: Portuguese explorer Alvares Cabral lands on the coast of Brazil. Despite the traumatic experience, Latin music is one of the positive outcomes that came from that process. 1945: Women gain the franchise in Guatemala and Panama. The term Latin America, first used in the 19th century, is something of a compromise. 1929: Plutarco Calles establishes the National Revolutionary Party (later the PRI) which then rules Mexico as a one-party state for the next seventy years. control of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Phillippines. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the ​Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. They were ruled by conservative regimes, either dictators or military juntas, and they had a growing problem with opposition forces and dissidents. 1957-86: Papa Doc and Baby Doc Duvalier rule Haiti as dictators, with US support. Asian migrants cross Bering Land bridge and enter North America. 1492 Aug 3. Independence from Spain and Portugal (1806–1898), 5. Revolt in Latin America ... By this time all Latin American states had constitutions written and were affectively using them. The Americans invaded Mexico on two fronts and captured Mexico City in May of 1848. Latin America Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas in 1492. 1519-22: Hernán Cortés enters, lays siege to, and conquers Aztec capital Tenochtitlán. 1532: Francisco Pizarro captures Atahualpa, ending the Inca Empire. This article treats the history of Latin America.The term Latin America primarily refers to the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking countries in the New World.Before the arrival of Europeans in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, the region was home to many indigenous peoples, a number of which had advanced civilizations, most notably from South; the Olmec, Maya, Muisca and Inca. etc. 950-1150 CE: The formation of militaristic empires, wars, invasions with the Toltecs in Mexico 1933: FDR announces "Good Neighbor Policy.". It would take decades for the nation to recover. A chronology of key events in Mexico's history. 1750: Treaty of Madrid shifts Spanish-Portuguese border in South America. Castro established a communist regime, building close ties with the Soviet Union, and stubbornly defied every attempt the United States could think of to remove him from power. America's Best History where we take a look at the timeline of American History and the historic sites and national parks that hold that history within their lands. 1926-1929: Conflicts between the government and the hierarchy of the Catholic Church lead to Ronald Reagan orders U.S. forces to invade the small Caribbean island to halt Cuban work on an airstrip. the War of Independence against Spain. 1990: FSLN loses elections to Violeta Chamorro in Nicaragua and an elected civilian government takes over from Augusto Pinochet in Chile. 1989: General Stoessner ousted form power in Paraguay. Groups spread all the way down to Chile in... Conquest. 1898: Spanish-Cuban-American War. 1822: King Pedro declares Brazil independent from Portugal. 1950: Jacobo Arbenz elected president in Guatemala. 1975: Cuban government passes law making childcare and housework equal responsibility of men and women. To Pre-Revolutionary War » 1000 Leif Ericson explores the North American East Coast. With Spain and Portugal out of the picture, the young American republics were free to find their own way, a process that was always difficult and often bloody. 1932: Women gain the franchise in Brazil, Puerto Rico, and Uruguay. The most devastating war ever fought in South America, the War of the Triple Alliance, pitted Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil against Paraguay. 1300-400 B.C. (X8 Drums, 2014). Colonial America Timeline (1492-1763) . of material culture. 1811: Venezuela and Paraguay declare independence from Spain. This article treats the history of Latin America. Rigoberta Menchú, an Indian leader from Guatemala, wins Nobel Peace Prize for her human rights work. Ironically, Uruguay, then under a different president, switched sides and fought against its former ally. Jan 7, 1820, Simón Bolívar leads many countries of South America in their fight for independence from Spain Jan 7, 1532, Francisco Pizarro invades and conquers the Inca empire in Peru Jan 7, 1910, Pancho Villa helps lead the Mexican Revolution. Mesoamerica. 1499: Amerigo Vespucci travels to South America. Ayacucho in December. 1994: A rebellion breaks out in the southern state of Chiapas, Mexico, led by the Zapatista Army Latin American cinema refers collectively to the film output and film industries of Latin America.Latin American film is both rich and diverse, but the main centers of production have been Argentina, Brazil and Mexico.Latin American cinema flourished after the introduction of sound, which added a linguistic barrier to the export of Hollywood film south of the border. The Timeline of Latin American History This timeline is all about the history of Latin America and noteable things that have happened in there history. The North American country ranks fifth in size out of all the countries in the Americas and it is the most populous Spanish-speaking country in … 1778-79: Tiradentes' plot (the Inconfidência Mineira) for independence of Brazil. 1511: Sermon of Antonio de Montesinos criticizing colonists' treatment of the Indians. It is impossible to rank them on importance, so they are listed in chronological order. 1904: Theodore Roosevelt's Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine declares the U.S. to be the 2014 August - Mexico's Congress approves sweeping reforms to the country's energy sector … honor of Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512). the Cristero Rebellio, a widespread revolt in central and western Mexico. In 1879, Chile and Bolivia went to war after spending decades bickering over a border dispute. They, therefore, established Operation Condor, a collaborative effort to round up and kill or otherwise silence their enemies. Why It Matters: Hispanics aren't foreigners in this country.Latinos, particularly those with Mesoamerican roots, have deeper roots in … 1903: United States engineers Panama's separation from Colombia. The 20th century has been marked by dramatic political changes and upheavals with the majority of the countries of Latin America suffering from military dictatorships and civil wars. Latin American History Timeline Timeline created by catfamee. all the way down to Chile in southern South America. (October 12). 1492: Spanish Roman Catholics expel the last of the Muslims and Jews from Spain. 600-1000 CE: Monolithic stone architecture at Tiwanaku by Lake Titicaca in Bolivia. 1830s: Rise of caudillos, self-interested military dictators backed by private armies. The Olmec are also known for their monolithic stone heads. The Mexican Revolution officially ended in 1920 when Alvaro Obregón became the last general standing after years of conflict, although the fighting continued for another decade. 1823-1855: Period of Santa Anna in Mexico. | marc@yachana.org |, Chronological history of the peace talks between the EZLN and the Mexican government, 1994-1998. 1901: Platt Amendment to Cuba's new constitution gives the U.S. the unilateral right to intervene Women gain the right to vote in Cuba. 1742-1755: Revolt of Juan Santos Atahualpa "the invincible" in Peru. 1954: General Stroessner comes to power in Paraguay. After Columbus' return, both Spain and Portugal laid claims to the new lands, forcing the pope to sort things out. 1982: British victory in the Malvinas/Falklands war leads to the collapse of the military government in Argentina and a return to civilian rule. He defends his actions with a speech History Will Absolve Me. To Pre-Revolutionary War » 1000 Leif Ericson explores the North American East Coast. Take a deeper look into the history of Latin American Missions and the heart behind the work. These 10 were selected based on international importance and effect on the population. 1507 “America” is first used in a Which was the most important? treatment of Indians. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region since the conquest. He is a former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides. The 1882 Act is the first in American history to place broad restrictions on certain immigrant groups. 1507: A German cartographer publishes a map of the New World, using the name America in 1994: U.S., Mexico, and Canada form NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement. to Latin American Cinema: A Comparative History, pp. — 1858 Latin American Pontifical College opens in Rome. Christopher Columbus sails on First Voyage. What Happened: Hispanics, including mestizos, indigenous and Afro-descended people from the area today known as Mexico, explored North America almost a century before the British first founded Jamestown. 1497 July. Extranjeros and Expansion. Mexico History Timeline Timeline Description: Mexico's history dates back to pre-Columbian times when it was ruled by some of history's most advanced civilizations. 1838: United Provinces of Central America breaks into five republics (Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica). 300-900 CE: Architectural developments (city on high, large platform) at Monte Albán in Still smarting from the loss of Texas a decade before, Mexico went to war with the United States in 1846 after a series of skirmishes on the border. Less known are the political consequences of the canal, including the secession of Panama from Colombia (with the encouragement of the United States) and the profound effect the canal has had on the internal reality of Panama ever since. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Navarro, Marysa, Virginia Sánchez Korrol, and Kecia Ali. 1944: Guatemalan revolution overthrows Jorge Ubico. 1939-1959: Fulgencio Batista era in Cuba. 1810: Creoles establish ruling juntas in Carcas, Venezuela, Santiago, Chile, Buenos Aires, 1988: Pinochet loses plebiscite in Chile which was to extend his military rule. 1700: Philip V becomes king of Spain, and the Bourbon dynasty replaces the dynasty of the 1777: Establishment of the Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata. 1967: Guerrilla hero Ernesto "Che" Guevara is killed in Bolivia while attempting to spark a revolutionary uprising. Latin American History Timeline study guide by Uvare includes 15 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. 1542: Bartolomé de las Casas named Bishop of Chiapas in southern Mexico. Timeline for Colonial Latin America, 1492-1824 Colonial Latin American Profiles and Personalities Moments and Events in Late Colonial Latin America Analysis of Arthur Syzk’s “Bolívar and Sucre at Junin,” oil on canvas (1950) 1847-1848: Maya Indians rebel against plantation owners in Yucatán, Mexico in what is known as the Caste War. Argentina. Complex societies, with sophisticated temple architecture, develop at sites such as Aspero and … The llama and the alpaca, two south American members of the camel family, are domesticated. 1542: The Spanish Crown issues Las Nuevas Leyes (The New Laws) to protect the Indians. 1531: Virgin of Guadalupe appears to Juan Diego on a hill outside of Mexico City. 1998: Augusto Pinochet, former dictator in Chile (1973-1990) is arrested in England on charges of human rights violations. 1952: Puerto Rico becomes a U.S. Commonwealth. Timeline of Indian and Latin America (c. 14,500 B.C. Aug 10, 1809. Many people do not know that when Christopher Columbus "discovered" the Americas, they already legally belonged to Portugal. 1987: Former Costa Rican president Oscar Arías is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in settling Central American conflicts. declares himself president, rules for 2 years, and is finally shot by a Honduran firing squad on According to previous papal bulls of the 15th century, Portugal held claim to any and all undiscovered lands west of a certain longitude. Their resulting "guerra sucia" (Dirty War) lasted until 1983 and killed or "vanished" thousands of people. 1938: Lázaro Cárdenas nationalizes the oil industry in Mexico. Portugal, not pleased with the verdict, pressed the issue and the two nations ratified the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494, which established the line at 370 leagues from the islands. Peru gains independence. What Happened: Poet, revolutionary and Cuban nationalist José … 1739: Establishment of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. Themes have timelines. 1000-1476 CE: Chimú empire in Peru with a very large city at Chan-chan with panaqa burial Papal Bull Inter Caetera and the Treaty of Tordesillas (1493–1494), 2. In the mid-1970s, the governments of the southern cone of South America—Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia and Uruguay—had several things in common. 1992: Peace agreement ends civil war in El Salvador. 1415-60: Prince Henry the Navigator opens the great Portuguese "Age of Exploration.". leads to population increase & pressure. Mexico. 1542: Bartolomé de las Casas writes Devastation of the Indies to push the "New Laws" to reform By 1825, Mexico, Central America, and South America were free, soon to be followed by Brazil. He will Also see this comparative Ancient America Time Line. 1810: The priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla issues the "Grito de Dolores" in Mexico which begins As devastating as the war was for Mexico, the peace was worse. Under the leadership of Víctor Paz Estenssoro, tin mines are nationalized and the next year an agrarian reform program is instituted. 1799-1803: German geographer Alexander von Humboldt explores Mexico and South America. By 1881 the Chilean army had captured Lima and by 1884 Bolivia signed a truce. Women and illiterate peasants gain the right to vote. Claves are one of the key instruments used in Latin American dance music as well as its predecessor, Afro-Cuban music. 1954: CIA overthrows constitutional government of Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala. Definition and Examples in Latin American History, Mexico went to war with the United States. — 1890 Pan-American Union is founded (later becoming the Organization of American States). Latin America and North America: 16th - 20th century Spanish and Portuguese colonists and administrators, settling in central and south America during the 16th century, are soon followed by the French, Dutch and English staking a claim to north America. 1929: Conservatives grant women the right to vote in Ecuador, the first country in Latin America to do so. 1948: Organization of American States formed. Walker The Construction of the Panama Canal (1881–1893, 1904–1914), 10 Myths About Spanish and the People Who Speak It, What Is Latin America? 1956: US-supported dictator Anastasio Somoza assassinated in Nicaragua. policeman of the Caribbean. 2000-200 BCE: Improvements in agriculture, culture, and social structures. The completion of the Panama Canal by Americans in 1914 marked the end of a remarkable and ambitious feat of engineering. 1544: First viceroy, Blasco Núñez Vela, arrives in Peru with the New Laws, which triggers civil Before the arrival of Europeans in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, the region was home to many indigenous peoples, a number of which had advanced civilizations, most notably from South; the Olmec, Maya, Muisca and Inca. insurrection. 6500-5000 B.C. to Marc Becker at marc@yachana.org. Migrants have made their way all the way to Chile. Jan 7, 1647, Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by an earthquake c. 3000 BC. 1569-81: Administration of Francisco de Toledo, viceroy of Peru. | Marc Becker's Home Page 1961: Paraguay becomes the last country in Latin America to grant women the right to vote. History of Claves 1537: Pope Paul III decides Indians have souls. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. 1947: Women gain the franchise in Argentina and Venezuela. 1821: Agustín de Iturbide declares Mexico independent with his Plan of Iguala. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. 1499 Amerigo Vespucci finds the South American Coast. of the newly independent Spanish American republics. Salvador Allende, president of Chile, died in the presidential palace on 11 September 1973 during a coup led by army chief Augusto Pinochet. In History. Latin America Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas in 1492. 1864-70: War of the Triple Alliance between Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay. The region came under control of the crowns of Spain and Portugal, which imposed both Roman Catholicismand their respective language… Documents Relating to American Foreign Policy: The Cold War. Ever since that time, Cuba has either been a festering sore of totalitarianism in an increasingly democratic world or a beacon of hope for all anti-imperialists, depending on your point of view. 1954: Women gain the franchise in Colombia. At that time there were no full-time Gospel preachers in Panama. - 1848 A.D.) c. 14,500 B.C. History of Latin America - History of Latin America - The independence of Latin America: After three centuries of colonial rule, independence came rather suddenly to most of Spanish and Portuguese America. in South America. Create a Timeline Now; Latin American Revolution. He is replaced by Cuitláhuac, who reigns for only eighty days and dies of smallpox (a disease brought by the... Colonial Period. Hispanic-American history is American history. Pyramids of the Sun and Moon. 1815: Simón Bolívar forced to retreat to the island of Jamaica. Guatemalan Miguel Ángel Asturias awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. Please send any suggestions, comments, corrections, additions, See this event in other timelines: John Cabot on his first voyage searching for the Northwest Passage. compounds. Huastecas and other proto-Maya cultures in Mexico. (For more detailed information, see this Chronological history of the peace talks between the EZLN and the Mexican government, 1994-1998.). While Ecuador was the first Latin American country to grant women the right to vote in 1929, in practice Ecuadorian women have rarely enjoyed equal citizenship rights to men When the Spanish colonized Ecuador, they brought with them the Catholic faith, which promulgated the cult of marianismo , or women’s emulation of the Virgin Mary. 2000-400 BCE: The beginnings of hieroglyphic writing & calendrics with the Olmec in Mexico. 1889: Abdication of Pedro II in Brazil; Brazil proclaimed a republic. 1984: Raul Alfonsín, of the Radical Party, assumes the presidency of Argentina ending nine years of military rule. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. Claves are thought to have first originated from the pegs used by Cuban shipwrights to assemble naval craft. 1992: Anti-quincentennial protests strengthen Indigenous-rights movement. 1949: Women gain the franchise in Chile and Costa Rica. 1499 Amerigo Vespucci finds the South American Coast. 1-14. 1571-72: Revolt of Tupac Amaru I in Peru. 1497 July. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades.
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